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for policy', as well as the 'good use of evidence' within policy processes, and con- promoted is termed the 'good governance of evidence' – a concept that.
Table of contents
- The politics of evidence-based policymaking
- You are here
- The Myth of Research-Based Policy and Practice - Open Research Online
- Evidence – a twitter discussion
The political processes of evidence-gathering and evidence- use including the gathering and use of scientific evidence should, of course, be governed by shared normative principles, as outlined by Parkhurst. They should also be informed by the ideal of evidence-based policy. This seems to be quite a preposterous proposition to me. We should certainly not dismiss the notion of evidence-based policy based on the assumption that this has ever been proposed. Has it? I had just finished writing this when I saw this tweet which is a direct counterpoint to what I have said here. Image : Wikimedia commons.
Governance, as you point out, is fundamental. What counts as evidence, and at what time, is a vexed question. So definitions are key, like other well-wron phrases such as sustainable development, one has to be sure what one is talking about, lest we have an excess of interpretive flexibility i. Just the sort of input needed. I had also forgotten about your blog post from !! Consequently, any experts associated with that process can be regarded as priviledged and supporting some kind of PR wing of their enterprise.
If you actually read scholarly literature in Public Relations, or listen in to the conversations in the professional communities e. Basically, an organization cannot remain on mutually respectful terms with its stakeholders when it is acting unethically. That is interesting. But does STS really see itself as an ethics watchdog?
For that to happen we need to develop mutual understanding. The problem is much worse than just irony. Without science who is going to put a limit on the knowledge claims of the elites? What is the alternative to evidence-based policy? Elite talking-point based policy? Unconstrained trampling of the population by crony capitalists? On my one non-strike day, I will not be engaging at length here. Without wishing to speak for Clark, I suspect the point is that science communciation is extremely well-funded by industry in many areas eg GMOs , and such communication has certain values inherent to it.
I am not dismissing it.
I am submitting it to critique. My point is that the question is built on a straw man characterisation also standard practice in many sciences! No-one is saying that any experts could be dismissed just because of their perceived interests; that is an absurd relativist position, which fundamentalists made a lot of hay out of in the science wars but I would hope we would be beyond characterising as a mainstream social science STS position. They are entangled. Strides have been made in this direction in some areas of health mental health, autism, HIV to name three disparate examples.
But be this as it may. Do scientists trump STS experts or vice versa? This is a really difficult issue for governance. I am no expert on evidence-based policy but do people really still think, or did they ever think that evidence speaks for itself? Similar to the claim that scientific evidence alone does the trick so to speak? And yes the USS strike is probably a good case-study as to what evidence is admitted and why and that critiquing those wielding power, the UUK, is necessary. My comment was actually a question and was essentially trying to suggest that noone has some kind of priviledged position, be they scientists, or those who study science and society.
Scientists should be careful as to how they engage in the process of evidence-based policy making, but the same should be true of others who feel that they have relevant expertise. I also have never encountered anyone who seems to think that evidence speaks for itself in some magical way this would seem a rather bizarre thing to think. I have encountered many who have views based on the evidence, but that seems an entirely reasonable thing to do in a democracy.
They may also express dismay at how they see policy makers using evidence in some cases. Again, seems reasonable in a democracy. Again, democracy. In the interests of maybe trying to achieve something, the above seems obviously true and I doubt there are many scientists who would disagree. Sidestepping the issue of formulating policy based on scientific evidence for a moment, I have proposed a grand bargain in which parties will agree to pass legislation on the condition that any new law will automatically sunset after a specific period if independent, scientific research does not show that it has accomplished what it was designed to do, based on metrics agreed to at the time of passage.
Essentially, I am proposing nothing more than the testing of a hypothesis. By agreeing on goals and metrics ahead of time, such a bargain would leave little room for non-scientific interpretation of the effectiveness of the legislation. A bargain might be struck if the proponents of a measure are willing to have it automatically phase out without a future vote if it does not accomplish the stated goal in accordance with metrics set up at the time of passage.
If this kind of evidence-based analysis were to become the norm, the effects would be salutary. Those proposing policy would be much more likely to formulate it based on scientific evidence, knowing that if it does not work, it will judged as a failure and automatically discontinued—something that does not happen with purely ideological proposals. Such a system would focus legislators on solving problems, rather than on political grandstanding. Of course, it uses market as opposed to deliberative mechanisms, but the outcome is similar: adaptive management of societal problems.
That is certainly a very interesting proposal! Having to think ahead about what would make a policy successful and how such a success could be evidenced to use a stupid word would, may be, force policy makers to change how they think about evidence in the policy-process itself. Posted in Science and Government science and politics Science Policy. Previous Post Science communication: What was it, what is it, and what should it be? Next Post Fermenting hope; fermenting hype?
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The Myth of Research-Based Policy and Practice - Open Research Online
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Evidence – a twitter discussion
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Public Admin. Wynne B Misunderstood misunderstanding: Social identities and public uptake of science. Public Understand Sci. Yanovitzky I, Weber M Analysing use of evidence in public policymaking processes: a theory-grounded content analysis methodology. Download references. We are grateful to both the participants at this meeting and those attending the William T Grant Foundation Use of Research Evidence meeting in Washington In particular, we very much appreciate the contribution of Kim DuMont, Paul Cairney and Warren Pearce who commented on drafts of this paper before submission. Our thanks to you all.
Correspondence to Kathryn Oliver. Reprints and Permissions. BMC Public Health Advanced search. Skip to main content. Subjects Science, technology and society Sociology. Are we investing wisely in research for society? Who knows about how to improve evidence production and use? Are we acting on these lessons? Based on this analysis, we identify three main areas of work which are required to transform how we think about to create and use evidence Table 1 : 1.
- Evidence-Based Policy-Making: from Data to Decision-Making;
- The Politics of Evidence?
- Remembrance of Things Past 07 - Time Regained.
- TABLE OF CONTENTS!
Transforming knowledge production 2. Transforming translation and mobilisation 3.
Transforming decision-making Table 1 Emerging research agenda for evidence use studies, with illustrative topics Full size table. A shared research agenda As we note above, these topics are drawn from proposed questions and discussions by an interdisciplinary group of scholars, practitioners, funders and other stakeholders. Transforming knowledge production Firstly, we must understand who is involved in shaping and producing the evidence base.
Transforming decision-making, and the role of evidence within it Finally, we need to understand how research and researchers can support decision-making given what we know about the decision-making context or culture, and how this influences evidence use Lin, Next steps and concrete outputs These illustrative examples demonstrate the vast range of discussions which are happening, and need to happen to help us transform how we produce and use evidence.
Change history 29 August An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper. Notes 1. Accessed 27 Feb Gov.